phone-ins and chat shows

phone-ins and chat shows
   Chat shows involve a regular presenter interviewing various celebrities in a consistent format. Though guests appear to promote products, the interview focuses upon a gentle, entertaining revelation of their humanity. The successful host skilfully mediates between naturalistic conversation and a genuine search for personal insight. On radio, Wilfred Pickles interviewed guests informally (Have A Go, 1948), but it was Michael Parkinson who popularized the chat show as a television genre, succeeded by Terry Wogan, whose eponymous show ran for fifteen years. Desert Island Discs (Radio 4) is the longest running radio chat show, probably due to the flexible interest of its invariable question. Current daytime chat shows (such as This MorningWith Richard and Judy, ITV) foreground friendliness and do not attempt unpleasantly personal questions. However, some hosts entertain by exploiting the genre’s pseudo-revelatory nature to ask truly difficult questions, and it is then that the format segues into television comedy. Clive Anderson displays his quick wit at his guests’ expense (Clive Anderson Talks Back, 1990), and Edna Everage’s guests are foils to her comic routine. Caroline Aherne’s Mrs Merton (1995) is the most recent in this tradition. Steve Coogan invents fictional guests to heighten the incapability of Alan Partridge, his creation (Knowing Me, Knowing You, 1995).
   Phone-ins also rely upon the creation of a familiar register. A radio or television presenter invites the audience to contribute live to a programme. Call Nick Ross on Radio 4 debated more cerebral issues, but in the entertainment sector of the phone-in, callers pose questions to celebrities or answer questions themselves for prizes; on other programmes those with emotional problems are encouraged to phone, the anonymity of the exercise allowing voyeuristic discussion of personal trauma. On local radio, this inexpensive genre is continually popular. Public interest in the private lives of both celebrities and nonentities means that chat show and phone-in techniques now define many presenter-led shows; Kilroy! and Vanessa combine public discussion of social and personal problems with chat show style interviews, as does The TimeThe Place, a live studio debate (ITV). The division between viewer and presenter is becoming deliberately blurred to promote a contemporary, spontaneous image. This seems particularly true of breakfast television and radio. Chris Evans incorporated an open phone and fax line into his shows (Radio One Breakfast Show and The Big Breakfast, Channel 4) rather than setting aside a particular time for phone-ins.

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • talk shows —    The original talk shows involved the use of a seasoned presenter interviewing guests before an audience. The guests would promote books, films or music or be otherwise involved in the public eye. Prominent examples included the Parkinson show… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Computers and Information Systems — ▪ 2009 Introduction Smartphone: The New Computer.       The market for the smartphone in reality a handheld computer for Web browsing, e mail, music, and video that was integrated with a cellular telephone continued to grow in 2008. According to… …   Universalium

  • Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview        Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… …   Universalium

  • Nokia phone series — Nokia s nomenclature can be traced back since 2005, when the Nseries line was introduced.[1] Because of the demands and peak of that line, Nokia again introduced another series of phones named Eseries,[2] made mostly for the enterprise market.[3] …   Wikipedia

  • Radio 5 —    Radio 5 is the BBC’s fifth and youngest radio channel, carrying a twenty four hour mixture of news and sports. Radio 5 joined the network in 1990 with an uneasy mixture of material lacking space elsewhere, including adult education and schools …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Danny Baker — Born 22 June 1957 (1957 06 22) (age 54) Deptford, London, England Occupation …   Wikipedia

  • The Ricky Gervais Show — This article is about the audio programme. For its animated television adaptation, see The Ricky Gervais Show (animated series). For the unrelated live action chat show, see Meet Ricky Gervais. The Ricky Gervais Show Hosting Ricky Gervais,… …   Wikipedia

  • Survivor (UK TV series) — Survivor UK Genre Reality competition Presented by Mark Austin (2001) Mark Nicholas (2002) Theme music composer Russ Landau Country of o …   Wikipedia

  • Community Radio Sarang — is managed by the Mangalore Jesuit Educational Society (MJES) and is run by St. Aloysius College (Autonomous), Mangalore, a coastal town in the southern part of Karnataka, India. Dr Richard Rego SJ is both the founder and director of this campus… …   Wikipedia

  • Televised sex line — The televised sex line (also described informally as pay as you go soft porn [ [ ID=336 Logofreetv forum debate] , 7 December 2002] , babe shows/channels [Several shows titles start with Babe... ; this… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”